For December 2021, Bank of Jamaica projects that the value of currency issued by the Bank will increase by approximately $23.1 billion (11.3 per cent), relative to the stock at end-November 2021 ($204.4 billion) (see Figure 1). The forecast for the month is below the five-year average growth rate of 16.4 per cent for the month of December.
The projected currency stock of $227.5 billion at end-December 2021 represents an annual nominal growthof 19.4 per cent, compared to 28.0 per cent at the corresponding period in 2020. When the forecasted change in the general level of consumer prices is considered, the projected real growth in currency for the year is 11.2 per cent, which is lower than the real growth of 21.6 per cent for the previous year. This deceleration reflects a moderation in orders relative to 2020 when there was considerable uncertainty about the effect of the pandemic.
BOJ recorded net currency issue of $3.6 billion (1.8 per cent) for the period 01 to 10 December 2021. This was lower than the net currency issue of $7.0 billion recorded over the same period in 2020. Consequently, as at 10 December 2021, the stock of currency in the hands of the public and in the vaults of financial institutions was $208.0 billion (see Figure 2).
Typically, Bank of Jamaica (BOJ) issues and redeems notes and coins daily in order to meet the demand for cash from individuals and businesses. There is normally a stronger demand for currency during the month of December, associated with increased spending over the holiday period. Financial institutions therefore request more currency from BOJ to satisfy this demand.
- Currency Issue: refers to Jamaican notes and coins in the hands of the public (currency in circulation) in addition to notes and coins held by financial institutions in their vaults (vault cash). Bank of Jamaica redeems (buys) or issues (sells) notes and coins to financial institutions when institutions have a demand for cash. The difference between currency issued and that which is redeemed during a period of time is referred to as net currency issue.
- Currency Stock or Currency in Circulation: (see Currency Issue)
- Real Currency Growth: reflects the percentage change in the real stock of currency which is calculated as the nominal currency stock divided by the consumer price index (CPI) at a given point in time.